Notre Dame announced in December that it will create services for LGBT students on campus, a huge step for a Catholic university. More than 220 colleges and universities have such services now, Shutt said. But there are more than 6,000 colleges in America.
"That gives you the scope of it," he said.
Shutt was born in 1973, the year that homosexuality was no longer regarded a mental disorder, the year that Lambda Legal and the Gay and Lesbian Task Force were founded. When he went to college at Michigan State University, the climate was not favorable for anyone to be openly gay.
Carey believes that one of Obama's biggest contributions through his public statements is that he has helped create a space for people who are supportive of LGBT people to stand up and say so. After Obama's remarks on same-sex marriage, she said, the NAACP and La Raza joined in his support.
"That made a difference," Carey said.
A brother who paved the way
Susan Browning-Chriss wishes her brother had been able to listen to Obama's embrace of gay rights in his inaugural address.
He would have been thrilled, she is sure, to know the nation had come far enough to have a president stand on the steps of the Capitol and pledge equality for gay Americans.
"That was opening a door that will lead us to a lot of good places," she said.
Her brother Michael Hardwick was arrested in 1986 for having consensual sex with a man in his Atlanta home under an archaic sodomy law. He challenged the law and for a while made the rounds on television talking about the case.
He became an accidental activist; an ex-boyfriend even called him the Joan of Arc of the gay world.
His lawyers thought surely the Supreme Court would rule in Hardwick's favor. It didn't.
A dozen years later, in 1998, Georgia repealed its sodomy law after the state's high court declared it unconstitutional. In 2003, the U.S. Supreme Court reversed its own ruling in the Hardwick case when it struck down a ''deviant sexual intercourse'' law in Texas.
Hardwick didn't live to see any of the legal progress.
Devastated by his legal defeat, he died in obscurity in 1991, when AIDS was ravaging the nation and two years before a movie about the illness, "Philadelphia," portrayed the disease to mainstream America.
Two decades later, his sister hailed him as a pioneer, a man who helped make things better for her own two children, who are both gay.
"I am sorry he is not alive to see all the changes," Browning-Chriss said.
Browning-Chriss is thankful for the path her brother helped pave and content that her daughter can live happily with her partner, even have children.
Every movement has people who are out front, Browning-Chriss said. She is proud her brother was one of those people in a movement that has come of age.
In a few days the Boy Scouts will probably make a decision on its national policy. It has indicated that it may very well pass membership decisions to the local level.
In the meantime, the battle lines have been drawn, as they have been for every other hurdle faced by gay rights proponents.
Opponents of gay membership have urged people to contact the Boy Scouts and let their opinions be known. Proponents have done the same.
No one is doubting the importance of this particular fight or the ones coming up in the nation's highest court, but many gay rights proponents are buoyed in their belief that a majority of America now stands with them in achieving equal rights for LGBT people. For the first time, they feel victory within reach.