Here's some background information about the International Atomic Energy Agency and nuclear power.
The IAEA inspects nuclear and related facilities under safeguard agreements. Most agreements are with countries that have committed to not possessing nuclear weapons. These agreements are concluded pursuant to the global Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT), for which the IAEA is the verification authority.
Other Facts: The IAEA has 159 member states.
Yukiya Amano has been the Director General of the IAEA since December 1, 2009.
There are 35 member countries on the IAEA Board of Governors, which meets five times a year.
The IAEA has about 2,300 employees.
IAEA safeguard programs monitor nuclear reactors to make sure nuclear material is not being diverted for making weapons.
The IAEA sends out inspectors to monitor the reactors.
The IAEA helps countries prepare and respond to emergencies.
Current status of the nuclear industry: There are 434 nuclear power reactors in operation.
There is one reactor in long-term shutdown.
There are 69 nuclear power reactors under construction.
There are 119 operational nuclear reactors in North America, 100 in the United States.
France has the highest share of any country of nuclear power to total electricity generation, at 75 percent.
Timeline: 1939 - Nuclear fission is discovered.
1942 - The world's first nuclear chain reaction takes place in Chicago as part of the wartime Manhattan Project.
1945 - The first nuclear weapons test takes place in New Mexico near Alamogordo.
July 16, 1945 - The U.S. successfully tests its first nuclear bomb.
August 6, 1945 - An atomic bomb is dropped on Hiroshima.
August 9, 1945 - An atomic bomb is dropped on Nagasaki.
August 29, 1949 - The Soviet Union tests its first nuclear bomb.
December 1951 - Electricity is first generated from a nuclear reactor at the National Reactor Testing Station in Idaho.
October 3, 1952 - The United Kingdom tests its first nuclear bomb.
December 8, 1953 - In a speech to the U.N. General Assembly, President Dwight D. Eisenhower asks the world's major powers to work together in developing peacetime uses of the atom. This is known as the Atoms for Peace program, 40 countries participate. Also during this speech, Eisenhower proposes the creation of an international agency to monitor the spread of nuclear technology.
1954 - Brazil begins a long-term effort to develop nuclear technology.